What does the Bible say about the Muslim lineage?
The Bible records an outline of the Arabic people as the Children of Abraham who inhabited the Eastern Country”. The history of the Muslim peoples, therefore, begins with the prophet Abraham and his descendants through Ishmael, his firstborn son. These stories show how the Muslims forefathers protected the Righteous!
Abraham's first born son by Hagar the Egyptian was Ishmael. Genesis 16:15, “And Hagar bare Abram a son; and Abram called his sons name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.”
Abraham was given a special promise that the descendants of Ishmael would become a great nation. Genesis 17:20, “As for Ishmael, I have heard thee; behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.”
His name (Ishmael) was given by Allah through the angel, and stands as a perpetual reminder of Allah’s mercy. Ishmael means “God Hears”. Genesis 16:7-11, “The angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness. by the fountain on the way to Shur. And he said, "Hagar, Sarai’s maid, whence camest though? and whither wilt thou go? " And She said, "I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai." And the angel of the LORD said unto her, "Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands." The angel of the LORD also said to her, "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude." And the angel of the LORD said to her, "Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael: because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.you are with child, and shall bear a son; you shall call his name Ishmael; because the Lord has heard thy affliction.”
Again when Hagar and Ishmael were moving to Arabia the angel appeared to her. Genesis 21:17-21, “And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, "What aileth thee, Hagar? Fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation.”
Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad a drink. And God was with the lad, and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran; [Northern Arabia] and his mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.
THE CHILDREN OF THE EAST
The descendants of Ishmael and the other sons of Abraham through Keturah were given the Eastern Country and are referred to as the children or people of the East . They are the progenitors of the Arabs. Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, traces his lineage back to Ishmael through his first born son, Nabaioth. Genesis 25:6,12-18, “But unto the sons of the concubines, which Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, Eastward, unto the Eastern Country. "
"Now these [are] the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham: And these [are] the names of the sons of Ishmael, by theirnames, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: These [are] the sons of Ishmael, and these [are] their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations. And these [are] the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people. And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that [is] before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: [and] he died in the presence of all his brethren.” The areas noted here are located in Central and Northern Arabia.
Ishmaelites (the descendants of Ishmael had become traders in spices). Genesis 37:25 & 28, And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmaelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry [it] down to Egypt. And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit [is it] if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood? Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content. Then there passed by Midianites merchentmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
The Ishmaelites were used by Allah in rescueing Joeseph. Genesis 45:5-7, Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. For these two years [hath] the famine [been] in the land: and yet [there are] five years, in the which [there shall] neither [be] earing nor harvest. And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.
Jethro (a Midianite, Arab, one of the “Eastern” children of Abraham, provides refuge for Moses who is escaping for his life from Egypt. Jethro has kept alive the worship of the One true God (Allah) and therefore teaches Moses, since the knowledge of Allah among the Hebrew people in Egypt was nearly lost, and Moses had received most of his training in the pagan religions of Egypt in the court of Pharaoh. Exodus 2:15,16, 21; 3:1, Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well. Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew [water], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. Exodus 3:1, Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, [even] to Horeb.
1 Kings 4:30-34. “And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the East country, and all the wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about. And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five. And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that [is] in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes. And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom.”
Job, an Eastern man - An Arab - endures suffering, provides an example of patient submission to Allah and gives a picture of the great controversy between Allah and Satan. Job 1: 1-8 “There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name [was] Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters. His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the East. And his sons went and feasted [in their] houses, every one his day; and sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them. And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually. Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that [there is] none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? did not utter one sinful word.” Here is a man that still trusts and gives reverence to Allah even though he has lost all of his family and possesions.
GENESIS 28:8And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;
28:9Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife.
WISEMEN FROM THE EAST
Injil, Matthew 2:1,2,9-12, “Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, saying, ‘Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the East, and have come to worship him.' … When they had heard the king they departed; and lo, the star which they had seen in the East went before them, till it came to rest over the place where the young child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced exceedingly with great joy; and going into the house they saw the child with Mary his mother, and they fell down and worshipped him. And when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts, gold and frankincense, and myrrh. And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed to their own country another way.”
KINGS OF THE EAST
9:14Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.