What does the Qur’an says about Jesus: Is He merely a prophet?
The Qur’an teaches that Jesus is Kalimatullah, meaning The Word of God, Ruhullah, meaning The Spirit of God (4:171), Al-Masih, meaning The Messiah (3:45; 4.157; 4.172; 5.17; 5.72; 5.75; 9:31) Wajeeh, meaning worthy of esteem in this world and the next (3:45), Mubarak, meaning blessed (19:31). We read about His virgin birth in Qur’an (3:42-47; 19:16-31), His marvelous works (3:49; 5:110), His death, resurrection and ascension (4:157; 19:33,34; 3:55; 4:158) and we read about His second coming in (43:57-61).
The Qur’an expressly says that Allah sent Jesus born of a virgin as both a sign to men and a mercy from him:
“And mention in the Book Mary when she withdrew from her people to an eastern place, and she took a veil apart from them; then We sent unto her Our Spirit that presented himself to her a man without fault. She said, 'I take refuge in the All-merciful from thee! If thou fearest God ... He said, 'I am but a messenger come from thy Lord, to give thee a boy most pure
. She said, 'How shall I have a son whom no mortal has touched, neither have I been unchaste?' He said, 'Even so thy Lord has said: "Easy is that for Me; and that We may appoint him a signunto men (ayatan lil-nassi) and a mercy from Us; it is a thing decreed.” (Qur’an 19:16-21 See also Qur’an 21:91)
Jesus has a special position in the Qur'an. Jesus is The Word of God, and a Spirit from Him (4:171), He is The Messiah (3:45; 9:31 etc.), He is a Sign (19:21; 21:91), a Mercy (19:21) and a Witness (5:117). He is a person with extreme dignity both in this world as in the other world (3:45). All commentaries agree with the fact that this implies both holiness and blessings. Only Jesus can do the actions 'create' and 'to give life' (3:49).
No prophet in the Qur'an has done such actions. Therefore the position of Jesus is above all other persons and exalts him to a level no human being ever reached. Jesus was born of a virgin (19:20-22). Jesus was faultless (19:19), Jesus was a great healer of the sick (3:49; 5:110), Jesus was taken to heaven by God (4:158) and Jesus will come back again (43:61).